Cellframe | Service Oriented Blockchain Platform

FAQ

Cross

What is Cellframe?

Cellframe is a service-oriented blockchain platform that represents an ecosystem crypto-project with numerous possible applications and advantages.

The main goal of the project is to provide the world with an innovative, secure, and convenient tool for interaction between service providers and consumers.

Project values include the development, preservation, and reproducibility of technologies, logic and sequence, responsibility and common sense.

What is CELL?

This is the primary digital asset of the ecosystem that is used for settlements within the main Cellframe network and collected from each transaction in the form of fees. In the native network the CELL token already has numerous applications and in the future there will be even more ways to use it. Additionally, the token is available on all Cellframe parachains and can be exchanged for any other token within the ecosystem.

Wrapped versions of the CELL token are available on the Ethereum and BSC networks where they can be used to provide liquidity to exchanges as LP pairs.

What is CF-20?

CF-20 is a format and standard of interchangeable tokens developed by us for the Cellframe Network platform. Tokens of the CF-20 standard can be used for settlements, exchanges, proof of stake and many other functions within the Cellframe Network. In the future, non-interchangeable token standards such as CF-721 and CF-1155 will also be supported.

What is Backbone?

Backbone is the name of the main network in the Cellframe ecosystem. Initially, we planned to name the main network Scorpion, but just before the launch, we changed the name to Backbone because it closely aligns with the definition of the platform's main network.

What are the use cases of CELL?

As the primary digital asset in the Cellframe network the CELL token is used to collect a small fee from each transaction.

Using the native CF-20 CELL, you can:

— participate in the Cellframe staking program

— launch a master node and receive rewards for transaction validation

— participate in voting

— exchange CELL tokens for other assets in the Cellframe main network

— pay for various services within the Cellframe ecosystem

— support interesting projects in future auctions for Cellframe parachains

What could be possible by Cellframe?

The Cellframe project is ushering in an era of widespread adoption of blockchain technologies in everyday life. We are developing a scalable and flexible platform with an integrated payment system and data authenticity guarantee. Security is ensured through several advantages our platform possesses:

— Data recording on the blockchain

— High degree of platform decentralization

— Resistance to hacking by quantum computers through the use of post-quantum algorithms

Thus, businesses can use a reliable and accessible platform for their tasks.

Ordinary users gain the ability to purchase services directly from providers choosing conditions that suit them and have opportunities for secure investments.

Developers can create interesting projects on a flexible platform with a unique architecture, participate with their projects in auctions and receive investments for further development of their products.

What services and applications can be created based on Cellframe?

On the Cellframe platform, you can create any services and applications that require high performance, reliability, and security, as well as a high degree of decentralization and protection with post-quantum cryptography. For example, you can create services for decentralized VPNs, CDNs, cloud computing, video streaming, messengers, social networks, games, finance, voting, and much more. Cellframe provides an SDK for developing t-dApps (true distributed applications), as well as APIs for interacting with web applications.

Where can I buy CELL?

You can buy CELL at the following exchanges, with more on the way.

Uniswap

Pancakeswap

Gate.io

MEXC

Latoken

StealthEX

Swapzone

XT.com

Who are partners of Cellframe?

KelVPN, MobiFi, Router Protocol, Union, Meter, Aztec, Razor Network, Api3, Finstreet and Sommelier Finance, Symbiosis, QApp, O3 Labs, Node.sys and Dotflat

Where can I store my CELL tokens?

You can store your ETH and BSC CELL tokens at any CEX or wallet that supports ERC20 or BEP20 protocols.

You can store native CF-20 tokens in the Cellframe mainnet and manage them using multifunctional applications Cellframe Dashboard or Cellframe Wallet.

We are also planning to eventually create our own hardware wallet and partner up with reputable existing cold wallets.

Which layer or layers represent Cellframe?

The Cellframe Network is built from scratch and features a white-label SDK version. The Cellframe ecosystem can be utilized at every level allowing for the creation of various services, including additional blockchains, VPNs, streaming services, and many other products.

The layer 0 (network level) is designed to ensure compatibility. It's a decentralized peer-to-peer mesh network that can serve as the foundation for creating parachains.

The layer 1 (fundamental level) is dedicated to basic blockchain functions. Cellframe utilizes its own ESBOCS consensus which was developed based on the Catchain consensus and operates on a PoS principle. The platform's architecture involves two-layer sharding. Post-quantum cryptography provides an additional level of security. At this level, networks can be created, tokens issued, voting launched, and much more.

The layer 2 (execution level) is aimed at scaling beyond the main chain.

The layer 3 (application level) is intended for creating decentralized applications (t-dApps) and utilizing the t-dApps library.

What is cell (shard)?

The Cellframe Network supports sharding technology. At this stage, the first level of heterogeneous sharding has already been implemented which divides the network into sets of nodes and chains. These sets contain different data within themselves and belong to different networks or chains of the network, and are called cells. The sharding mechanism allows for an increase in the processing speed of operations within the blockchain.

What are the rewards for running a node?

Master nodes can earn income from several different sources:

1. Staking rewards

To launch a master node, you need to stake at least 10,000 CELL. In return, you'll receive special mCELL tokens, which will be locked until the master node is active. The level of rewards will depend on the amount of CELL that has been locked in the stake.

2. Participation in transaction validation

Master nodes participate in the PoS consensus and receive transaction fees for validating blocks in the network. The reward is paid to the validator who first proposed and signed the transaction. There is also a general reward pool for validators. The amount of rewards for the first year is 1.5 million CELL and in subsequent periods, it will be determined based on community voting results.

3. Opportunity to become a service provider

In addition to validator functions, the master node owner can become a service provider and earn income from it. For example, master nodes in the KelVPN network besides validating transactions have the opportunity to become VPN service providers and earn from it.

What is the difference between dApps and t-dApps?

The main difference between dApps and t-dApps is that the first involves execution of a smart contract owned by a single address. This means that there is one address and one wallet through which all the funds pass. If this address, which represents a single point of vulnerability, is hacked, all these funds can be stolen.

t-dApps, on the contrary, have no such address/es. They operate without the use of smart contracts. They are service plugins that can be launched by any node. Therefore, if you run this plugin on your hardware, you will receive almost all the profit from providing services directly to yourself (except for network fees and royalties).

What is the CELL contract address?

If we are talking about native token that has no smart contract address; it has a datum hash and ticker name. Ticker name is unique and can’t be repeated by scammers, so in the native network, it’s enough to just check the name.

The smart contracts for CELL over other networks are:

ERC-20:

0x26c8afbbfe1ebaca03c2bb082e69d0476bffe099

BEP-20:

0xd98438889Ae7364c7E2A3540547Fad042FB24642

What makes Cellframe protocol quantum-secure?

The quantum resilience of our protocol is based on algorithms and mathematical calculations. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the USA is working on creating standards for post-quantum encryption (PQE). Cellframe has already implemented two algorithms selected by NIST - CRYSTALS-Dilithium and Falcon.

Cellframe Network supports the execution of multiple encryption algorithms simultaneously, thus allowing a layered framework of post-quantum security. The multi-protocol variable digital signature format allows further integration of any existing and upcoming PQE algorithms on the fly.

What are the various types of nodes?

Although the types of nodes we have in plans are listed below, it is prudent to understand that this information is subject to change as the network evolves over time in the future.

The only node type capable of earning from providing a service is a master node. If you want to set up a master node, you need 10,000 CELL on the native CF-20 protocol. Master nodes can push data onto the chain, propose states and participate in consensus. We have certain other types of nodes as well, but unlike master nodes they are not meant for earning any rewards.

A full node holds an exact copy of the blockchain complete with all the current data, including all the shards, and calculates balances on various shards.

A light node is one that holds only your own transactions and could be accessed on mobile devices such as phones and tablets (as well as on smart devices in the future). A light node role is planned to be automatically implemented when the user doesn't run a master node, but instead creates wallets and manages funds on the Cellframe Dashboard.

The root node is empowered with the ability to issue zerochain via the proof of authority (PoA) consensus. In the future, we plan to bring more public access to the root node initially by implementing PoA with PoS, and eventually a complete replacement of the root node with master nodes capable of issuing zerochain.

The archive node collects all the data from shards participating in the network and stores these. In case a shard overflows, a new one is created and all the states of previous shard are simply copied to the archive node without the need to save history in any other nodes. Archive nodes keep the entire history of data and transactions pertaining to all blockchains and DAGs in the network.

If I want to launch my own t-dApp, should I run a node or have my own parachain?

You don’t always need to have your own parachain for launching a t-dApp. But parachain comes in handy in certain specific scenarios, because it has the capacity to execute a larger number of transactions simultaneously. Moreover, parachains have the ability to decide the transaction fees (high, low or none) at their discretion. For example, if you have some service that holds non-financial data that you need to communicate, and you expect multiple transactions simultaneously, the best solution is to run your own parachain.

How does Cellframe ensure a high level of decentralization?

Сellframe Network has certain inherent features for ensuring the required level of decentralization:

— Cellframe is designed to allow master nodes to run seamlessly on entry-level systems with low-end processors and memory. One can install and run a node even on a Raspberry Pi.

— Cellframe Dashboard, our super app with built-in node capabilities will be available not only for Windows, Linux and MacOs, but also for mobile phones - Android and iOS.

— Built close to the machine using the C programming language, Cellframe makes it possible to run nodes on home devices such as a smart fridge. This will help expand the horizon of blockchain technology beyond imagination.

— One of the essential aspects of decentralization is independence from the creators of the project. In the foreseeable future, we plan to make the root nodes more public to make Cellframe truly independent from its inventors. Over time, the Proof-of-Authority consensus on root nodes will be replaced with Proof-of-Stake. Subsequently we plan to empower the master nodes with the ability to issue zerochain, thus leading to a complete replacement of root nodes with master nodes.

— A huge amount of the functionality on Cellframe Network relies on conditional transactions instead of smart contracts. The latter often hold huge amounts of users’ funds, the keys to which are held by an owner. Smart contracts, therefore, are prone to attacks and do not represent decentralization in a true sense. Cellframe allows cash flows from services to be distributed among service providers without having to pass through the owners of smart contracts. Lacking a single owner, these services/dApps are the pinnacle of decentralization and are termed ‘t-dApps’ (true distributed applications).

— Easy accessibility to master nodes for users: Only 10,000 CELL along with either a low-end device or VPS. We will monitor the fluctuation of the token rate and will try to determine the best compromise for the amount required to start a masternode. If you do not have the required amount of CELL but want to increase earnings from your stake or have idle equipment and want to launch a master node, we offer a key delegation feature.